Katabasis Badge

1) This term refers to a kind of descent. One meaning is moving down hill or the sinking of the sun. This term can also mean a trip to the underworld by a hero. These trips usually take place in a supernatural world. Katabasis may also refer to a journey through other dystopic areas, like those that Odysseus encounters on his 20-year journey back from Troy.

2) The underworld I would like to visit is Elysian Fields. This underworld is a happy place to be and only those related to or personally chosen by the Gods can reside there. Other underworlds such as Tartaros are filled with suffering and torment. Elysian Fields is a place that allows people to be happy with the employment that they had in their life. This underworld is overall a place where the important people go that did something in life that people were aware of.

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Great Flood Badge

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Utnapishtim (Babylonia)


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Deucalion (Greece)

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Aztec Flood Myth of Tata and Nena


These three myths have various similarities and differences. In each myth two people are chosen to be saved from the flood. They are chosen either for a certain reason or just because the God favored them. Each flood story involves mountains in some way, and they all give their chosen two people an idea for a shelter that they must build. In the Babylonian myth, Utnapishtim is warned of the flood and told to build a ship. He is told to bring his family, male and female animals, and fineries such as gold and silver. In the Aztec flood myth, a couple was told to hollow out a log and they were only allowed to take one ear of corn each with them and nothing else. In the Grecian flood myth, Prometheus took his son and his son's wife, and they hid out in a wooden chest. Although the stories have different supplies and shelters, they still all follow along the same idea.

Each myth also had a different amount of days and nights that the flood lasted. Along with that, each myth had different ways of finding out that it was safe to return to land. A reoccurring ending though seemed to be to have faith in birds, and the birds will let you know if it is safe. In the Babylonian myth, they let the ship rest for 7 days. Then they let a dove go and a swallow go to see if they returned. When they both returned, they knew it was not safe to leave the ship yet because there was no dry land for the birds to land on. They then let a raven go, and the raven never returned so they knew it was safe. In the Aztec story, the couple waited until they hit dry land and they figured it was safe. They ate a fish against the orders of God, then to be punished they were turned into dogs. In the Grecian myth, they stayed on a mountain until the water subsided, and then they saw dead bodies all around covered in slime and algae. The main common theme throughout the flood myths was that humankind was seen as wicked, and animals were seen as more innocent. Each story also made sure to keep alive a male and a female so humankind could continue on without the wickedness.


FAVE Badge

There are various historical representations of rape. The definition of domestic violence has changed over time though.
Medieval times focused heavily on the victim in a negative way rather than the abuser. Many "references to battered-women or battered-child syndromes, which imply disease, or debilitating illness, no less than the term 'battered' itself, shift the focus away from abusers and causes of abuse by stigmatizing the victims"(Introduction). Even though rape was a problem in medieval times, people looked upon it differently. Many rapists were never charged, similar to the problem today. Today we tend to have sympathy for the victims instead of making them seem like they are diseased, like older terms implied. "As it is now understood, domestic violence is limited neither to physical harm nor to a particular kind of behavior or action. Rather, it takes a variety of forms--social, psychological, economic, spiritual, physical, verbal, sexual--all of which are intended to injure another person in some way"(Introduction). Domestic violence tends to mean any violence between people, and not just within the same house. In medieval times, domestic meant within the same house, which was limited to the maids and people present at a certain time. Now it is still domestic violence in any location, no matter when you live.

The issue of rape is seen throughout historical text. In "The Wife of Bath's Tale", a virgin peasant is raped as she walks along a path. Also Gilgamesh is also known for raping women in the epic. Something modern that posted to the rape during this medieval time is Game of Thrones. Sansa Stark was raped, and her husband was forced to watch. Viewers thought this rape was one too many for the time period it is set in, but it could possibly still not depict rape enough. Many people think rape was non existent in the medieval times, but it was there as much as it is today. They still had the same issue then of not convicting the amount of rapists that there actually are. It is so important to be aware of all the text, which is why trigger warnings are not a great idea.

Trigger warnings turn people away from these issues, when they really need to be discussed. There problems will never go away if everyone just turns a blind eye to them. Whether is makes someone uncomfortable or not, it doesn't matter. Students need to learn how to deal with these issues, and how to help resolve them.

My program would be for students, and it would teach them about the historical representations of rape. I would discuss how much rape actually did exist in history even though many people do not think it did. I will lead that discussion into talking about trigger warnings and how they relate to students. Lastly, I will discuss how trigger warnings cause students to turn a blind eye to the situation instead of facing it. Students need to face a problem to solve it. To end the program students will try to eliminate rape by taking candy that will spell out the word rape. As students take candy, the word will disappear.

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Myth Badge

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Metamorphoses
Metamorphoses

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Metamorphoses, Theogony, and The Epic of Creation have various similarities and differences. All three of these stories are based off of a beginning of chaos. In all three stories, the world is scrambled and has no meaning until the gods create it. I chose the first picture for Metamorphoses because it depicts a state of chaos. It shows that there was no organization at first, and then the gods came and organized it. I chose the second picture for Theogony because it shows a pictures of blurry chaos. The world was unorganized, but also blurry to all until the gods came into the picture and created everything and made it what it was. I chose the third picture for The Epic of Creation because things as important as the Earth were not anything until the gods created them. That "earth" was essentially a blue ball of chaos before it was organized. These stories also have some differences. For example, some of the stories depict problems coming back to reality after the gods create the world and organize it. The gods take on different roles in different cultures, but they all start out with the same task.